Living History: Turpentine Farming

My great-grandfather, Jeremiah Daniel Thomas (1858-1946); my 2nd great-grandfather, Daniel B. Grant (1846-1900); and my 3rd great-grandfather, Jeremiah Grant (1815-1892) were each turpentine farmers at some time in their lives. These men farmed turpentine in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.

my great-grandfather, Jeremiah Daniel Thomas

If you have southern roots from North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, or Georgia; then you may have ancestors who work on a turpentine farm, too.

 

 

 

 

 

Below is an excellent YouTube video about turpentine farming.

 

bryan-avery-set-up-for-living-history-lesson

Set up for living history demonstration by Bryan Avery and his team of living historians.

The narrator, Bryan Avery, gives presentations about the turpentine industry with his “Greatest Naval Stores Show on Earth”.  At these shows, Bryan and his fellow historians demonstrate much about the turpentine industry that was once prominent in the south.

Watch the video and learn about the work our ancestors did on turpentine farms.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

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Clagett Pyles: a most efficient and popular man

Clagett PYLES, my first cousin thrice removed, was born 27 December 1859 in Poolesville, Montgomery County, Maryland. His father was Richard T. PYLES, a successful merchant I wrote about here. I previously wrote about three of Clagett’s half-siblings as well: Joseph T. Pyles, Richard G. Pyles, and Lottie Pyles.Maryland sign

 

 

 

 

 

Clagett’s early life

Clagget’s mother, Laura HAWKINS PILES passed away when Clagett was five and his sister, Nannie, was four. Clagget’s father married again to Laura’s sister, Fannie, who raised Clagget as and Nannie as her own along with the five children she had with Clagett’s father.

Richard, Clagett’s father, made sure his children were educated. Clagett attended St. John’s Academy in Annapolis. According to his obituary in The Frederick Post, soon after graduation, Clagett ‘was appointed to the State Tobacco Warehouse in Baltimore. In 1884 he passed the Civil Service examination and received his appointment in the Custom House in Baltimore.’City of Baltimore sign

Friends in high places

Clagett was appointed to this position by the former governor of Maryland, Edwin Warfield, who was in charge of the Naval Office at the time of Clagett’s appointment. The Post reports that Clagett was intimate friends with Warfield. Clagett ‘also enjoyed the friendship of President Grover Cleveland.’ I imagine Clagett came to know the president through his association with Warfield.

Clagett worked as the chief liquidating clerk at the Naval Office at the U. S. Customs House in Baltimore for 27 years. The Post reports that ‘at the time of his death he was one of the most efficient and popular men in the service in the city.’

Family is important to Clagett

Clagett married Mary MIDDLEKAUF PYLES (1871-1937) in Baltimore in 1892. He was 32 years old. Clagett and Mary had two sons and a daughter between 1893 and 1898. I couldn’t find Clagett in the 1900 census, but I found him in 1910 living in Baltimore in a rented house on Lanvale Street.

Clagett loved his family and faithfully visited his family in Montgomery County including his stepmother, Fannie, and his half-siblings Percy and Lottie. Clagett’s sister, Nannie, and Nannie’s husband, Thomas O. White, owned the family home in Barnesville in Montgomery County.

Clagett takes ill

In late May, 1911, Clagett took a month’s leave of absence because of an unnamed illness. He went to Nannie and Thomas’ home to rest and recover, but ‘his illness took a turn for the worse and he died’ there on 30 July 1911. His address at the time of death was 1625 North Calvert Street, Baltimore. I believe his house is one of the ones behind the tree.

Clagett is buried at Monocacy Cemetery in Beallsville, Montgomery County, Maryland, along with his father, two sisters, and two brothers.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

The young sons of Devann Brazell Strickland

A few weeks ago I wrote about Devann BRAZELL STRICKLAND’s death in 1925 from eclampsia following the c-section delivery of her son, James William STRICKLAND.

Devann left behind her husband, Wylie STRICKLAND (1879-1957), and five children including the new baby, called William.

Sixteen-year old Mary (1909-1968) and ten-year old Oscar (1915-1981) could look after themselves, but newborn William and his 4-year old brothers, Willis and Wylie, could not. Perhaps Wylie, Mary, and Oscar tried to take care of the young ones. Perhaps extended family did, too.South Carolina_public domain

The boys apart from the family

 

Whatever was tried, the magnitude of the effort overwhelmed the family. On the 1930 census, the three young ones were living at the Columbia Children’s Home in Columbia, South Carolina. Father Wylie, Mary, and Oscar were together, and Wylie was a produce salesman in Columbia.vegetables-1

I don’t know what transpired between 1925 and 1930 or how long the boys had been at the children’s home, but this wasn’t the end of their family story.

And back home again

I was happy to see that in 1940, the entire family was together again in one home. The 1940 census indicated that they were together in 1935, too. In 1940, Willis was an inspector at a bottling plant while Wylie, the son, and William attended school.

Full lives for each young son

The three young sons each went on to live full lives. Each one fought during WW2: Willis in the Army, Wylie in the Army Air Force, and William in the Navy.world-war-2

Willis Melton STRICKLAND married Margaret LEWIS, and they had three children together. Willis worked several jobs but mostly worked as a truck driver. He lived in Columbia all of his life, and he died at the VA hospital in Columbia on 31 Jan 1977. I don’t know where he’s buried.

Wylie Langford STRICKLAND was in and out of the military several times, serving during WW2, Korea, and Vietnam. He lived in many places over the years. Wylie married Eva Lena GOODING (1923-2008), and they had one child. They last lived in Hardin County, Kentucky. Wylie died there on 11 Feb 1998. He is buried next to his wife at North Hardin Memorial Gardens in Radcliff, Kentucky.

I know the least about James William. STRICKLAND Aside from serving in the Navy, I don’t know what work William did. I know he was living in Charlotte in 1977 when Willis passed, and I know he was married to a woman named Jean. I also know that William passed on 23 March 1994 in Valdese, Burke County, North Carolina. I don’t know where he is buried, though.

What about the others?

Reading through the 1930 census list of children in the Columbia Children’s Home saddened me. Some of the children there were babies, and several were sibling groups like Willis, Wylie, and William. Probably Wylie, the father, had no choice but to take the boys there, and I want to believe that he visited them while they were there. He obviously didn’t abandon them since they were living back with him in 1935. Some of the other children in the home weren’t so fortunate. I think I’ll write about a few of them later this year.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

 

Lula Martin: bullet or typhoid?

Lula Devere MARTIN is my 2nd cousin, twice removed. She was the daughter of Hack MARTIN (1851-1932) and Charlotte HARRISON MARTIN (1854-1913). Her grandfather, William MARTIN, was the brother of my 2nd great-grandfather, Phillip MARTIN.South Carolina_public domain

Early life

Lula was born in October 1887 in South Carolina. In 1900, she lived with her parents and siblings in Wateree Township, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Lula’s father was a farmer who owned his farm free and clear. Lula and her siblings attended school and all could read and write.

MARTIN Lula Devere nee Martin_cropped from group shot

Lula Martin, photo courtesy of Glenna Kinnard

Lula marries

In 1907, when Lula was 20, she married Jesse Allen MARTIN, Jr. Jesse was her first cousin. They were married at the Edgewood parsonage by preacher Peel.

The two lived at 1906 Taylor Street, Columbia, South Carolina. 1906 Taylor Street is now commercial property.

Lula passes away

On 29 December 1907, Lula died. Below is the death notice from The State newspaper entitled Sad Death of Bride.

Martin Lula MARTIN death notice cropped

 

South Carolina didn’t issue death certificates in 1907. Two family versions exist about Lula’s death. According to someone in the Harrison family, Lula was cleaning house and swept a bullet into the fireplace. It exploded and killed her. The other family version claims she died of typhoid. Both versions are believable.

Lula is buried at Salem Methodist Church Cemetery on Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina.

Several years later, Jesse married Addie Mae CARMAN, and they had four children together.

A special thanks to Glenna KINNARD, distant cousin and fellow Martin family researcher, for telling me the story of Lula and sharing photos of Lula with me.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

Genealogy Blog Potluck Picnic

I was invited to an old-fashioned, end-of-summer Genealogy Blog Potluck Picnic.  Bring a dish (my favorite genealogy resource) to share, the hostess said. South Carolina_public domain

Of course I’m going, and here’s my dish: The Richland County Library (South Carolina) website 

The Richland County Library website has fantastic resources for family history research. To name a few:

An online obituary index for Columbia, SC area obituaries. Copies of obituaries can be requested via email, too.

South Carolina Historical Newspapers Collections. If you have a library card, you can access the newspapers yourself including printing on your own printer. I have an out-of-county library card, and I use this resource regularly to read and print articles and obits.

The Otis Prince surname files. A collection of nearly 2000 surnames Prince researched while writing books and articles about Richland County history. If the file is small enough, the librarians will even scan the pages and send them to patrons via email.

 

This is by far my favorite resource. The website is easy to use, and the staff is always helpful and polite when I call them. I have yet to visit this library in person, but it’s in my plans.
Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

 

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Devann Brazell: C-section patient

I am drawn to those ancestors that died young. Their stories often show how far medical science has come or how the human experience hasn’t changed through the decades (or centuries). Throughout time people killed died for lack of antibiotics or I.V. fluids. People committed suicide. They murdered, drove too fast or recklessly, and more.

Who Devann is

Devann BRAZELL died young. Devann was born in April 1887, the daughter of John D. BRAZELL (1855-1932) and Letsie Ann LOVETT (1857-1937). She was in the middle bunch of John and Letsie’s ten children.

Devann’s maternal grandmother, Harriett FUTRELL LOVETT (1837-?) was the sister of my 2nd great-grandmother, Margaret FUTRELL MARTIN (1832-1928). This makes Devann my 2nd cousin, 2x removed.South Carolina_public domain

In 1900, Devann’s father, David, was a farmer in Richland County, South Carolina. David owned his farm free and clear.  Devann was 13 in 1900.

Devann marries & has children

Devann married William Wylie STRICKLAND (1879-1957) sometime before 1909. On the 1930 census, Wylie, as he was called, reported that his first marriage happened at age 22. If Devann was that wife, she was 14 at the time of marriage. But Wylie and Devann didn’t have any children until 1909, so I wonder if Wylie had a wife before Devann. No proof either way. And I can’t find Devann or Wylie in the 1910 census.

In 1918, Wylie reported on his WW1 draft registration that he and Devann lived in Dentsville, Richland County. Wylie was a farmer.Farm-1

On the 1920 census, 41-year old Wylie and 33-year old Devann lived on Assylum Road in Killan, Richland County. Wylie was a farmer, and he owned his farm free and clear. They had two children, Mary and Oscar.

 

Devann has two sons in 1921, Willis and Wylie, Jr., who were born about 7 ½ months apart. Then in 1924, Devann became pregnant again. Devann and Wylie lived at 418 Pall Mall Street in Columbia now. (In the 1930 census, Wylie is a produce and vegetable salesman. He was probably doing that in 1925, also.)

418 Pall Mall Street doesn’t appear to exist anymore, but you can see the neighborhood here. Some of the houses are probably ones there where Devann and Wylie lived there.

Pregnancy problems

I don’t know when Devann began having problems with the pregnancy, but on 11 March 1925, 38-year old Devann had a c-section delivery of another son, William. William was said to be full term.

Devann had toxemia of pregnancy, now known as eclampsia. The cure for eclampsia is delivery of the baby, but this didn’t cure Devann.

Kidney

Her kidneys failed without the supportive measures and medicines available today. Devann died two days later on 13 March 1925. In a few weeks I’ll write about what Wylie and his life as a single parent.

Devann is buried at Macedonia Baptist Church Cemetery in Columbia, South Carolina.

Read more about the history of c-sections here.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

Ella Grant: the last tragedy & the first

For the last four weeks I’ve written about the tragic young deaths of the Gardner family – Benny in 1920, Walker in 1922, Mattie in 1923, and Baxter in 1933.  But before any of their deaths was the one in 1918.South Carolina_public domain

Ella’s early life

Ella GRANT was born 22 September 1864 in Marlboro County, South Carolina. Her parents were Jeremiah GRANT and Anna Jane GRANT. Ella was the 11th of their 12 children.  Ella is my 3rd great-aunt, as she is the sister of my 2nd great grandfather, D. B. Grant.

Her father, Jeremiah, worked many jobs in his life including carpentry and farming, but in 1870 he was the probate judge for Marlboro County.Courtroom gavel

 

The family lived in Bennettsville in Marlboro County. Annie, as Anna Jane was called, was quite the businesswoman. She bought and sold lots of property in Marlboro and Chesterfield Counties.

Ella marries John

In 1879 when Ella was 14, she married John C. GARDNER (1854-1935).  John was a farmhand at the time. In 1880, John and Ella lived in Cheraw, Chesterfield County. Her parents and two of her brothers are on the same census page as Ella and John.

Children came along starting with Robert in 1881, who died as an infant. He was followed by six children born over the next 16 years, all of whom lived to adulthood.Train public domain

In 1900, John worked as a railroad contractor. The family lived on Lyttleton Street in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Ella kept house and the younger children, while the older ones worked at a cotton mill.

In 1910, the family lived on King Street in Buffalo, Kershaw County, South Carolina.  John was a house carpenter now. Ella kept house. Fifteen-year old Walker worked as a laborer for a blacksmith, and Mattie attended school. The other children had their own homes.

The first tragedy

Antique Ford_flickr_must attribute

Antique Ford photo by GSV, found on flickr.com. Click on photo for more info.

Walker, Ella and John’s son, was in the National Guard when he was called up to go to France in 1918. On April 6th, 1918, John and Ella, along with daughters Bessie and Mattie, traveled to Camp Sevier in Greenville, South Carolina, to visit Walker before he shipped off.

John and Ella’s neighbor, a Mr. FIELD, went along and was driving John and Ella’s Ford. According to The Herald and News of Newberry, South Carolina, there was ‘a bad place in the road and the Ford took to the ditch.’  Here is the newspaper account of the accident:

Gardner Ella nee GRANT article about death-5 cropped portion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It was not determined what exactly happened, but it was reported that ‘the car must have been going at a pretty lively rate.’ I have to wonder if the passengers were telling him to slow down before the accident.

This  is Mattie’s accident

This is the accident where Mattie was hurt and reported killed by mistake. The retraction the next day said it was Ella that was killed. That was all I knew until this week when I found the long newspaper article about the accident.

More loss and heartache to follow

So much heartache in one day…Walker knows he’s leaving for war and may not come back at all, and then his mother dies on the way to see him off. Who even knows if he was able to attend her funeral. Was he able to see any of his family before he left for France? I don’t know. John loses his wife, and now his son is shipping off maybe never to return. And the other children lose their mother and know they may lose their brother, too.

I’m sure they were all relieved when Walker made it home, and they had a few years peace before Benny died followed soon by Walker and Mattie, and then Baxter a decade later. Poor John, to lose his wife and then three of his children in a five-year period of time.

This is the last of my stories about the Gardner family, at least for now. These five stories have been enough.

Ella Grant Gardner is buried at Mt. Elon Cemetery in Hartsville, Darlington County, along with John and four of their children.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

Billy Thomas, Jr.: into the pool with you

This month’s Genealogy Blog Party is a pool party where we get to toss a difficult ancestor into the pool.  I’m up for that. Although I have many difficult ancestors to choose from, the top of the list is the elusive Billy Thomas, Jr.Maryland sign

What I know…actually what I might know

Billy Thomas, Jr. is my 4th great-grandfather. He came to South Carolina from Maryland in the early 1800’s according to some family history notes from his grandsons.

He was planning on going ‘west’ but settled in South Carolina instead. The notes say that Billy’s father, Billy Thomas, Sr., came to Maryland from France, not that he was French, but that the ship he took came from France. The grandsons’ information is all believable but so far not provable.South Carolina_public domain

Billy supposedly married a woman named Mary (who went by Polly) in Fayetteville, North Carolina on his way ‘west’ but their son, my 3rd great-grandfather, had taken ill so they stopped in South Carolina and ended up staying.

I think I found Billy in the 1810 census, but again, it’s not conclusive that it’s him. I can’t find a Billy Thomas in the 1820 census in the likely county or the surrounding ones, but I found a Mary Thomas living next door to Renadus Thomas, my 3rd great-grandfather, in the 1830 census. Is this Mary his mother?  Good question.  Did Billy died between 1810 and 1820? Another good question.

I found a Polly Thomas in the census for that county for 1840, but unfortunately the census was rewritten in alphabetical order so who knows if that Polly lived near the aforementioned Renadus (written as Renatus in the 1840 census).

Capitol Hill Question Mark (Washington, DC)

Capitol Hill Question Mark (Washington, DC)

Mary/Polly is missing from the 1850 census and beyond.  Dead? Living elsewhere? Just missed being counted? Who knows.

Billy is supposedly buried in The “Old” Medlin cemetery in Richland County, South Carolina. One of my cousins in South Carolina checked out the likely location for this cemetery. It’s densely wooded, and he didn’t find any stones. And no records have been located for this cemetery.

Mistaken identity?

Finally, there is a William Thomas who died in 1840 and was buried in Davidson County, North Carolina. Several researchers on that large website we all have a love-hate relationship with have decided that William Thomas is this Billy Thomas.

I’m not buying it, but it would be easier to prove that he’s not my Billy Thomas if my Billy Thomas would have left something behind like a will or a bible. Or if he’d married someone with a less common name than Mary/Polly. Or if he’d written down the names of his parents, etc. Or if Sherman hadn’t burned the courthouse in Columbia, South Carolina.

I may never know

Short of hiring a researcher, I don’t know that there’s much more I can do to find him. Instead of doing hiring a researcher, I will throw Billy in the pool and let my kids and grandkids figure out the life story of Billy Thomas, Jr.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

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Mattie Gardner: she didn’t die in a car accident

Mattie Mae GARDNER was the last of the seven children born to John GARDNER (1854-1935) and Ella GRANT GARDNER (1864-1918). Mattie was born 17 May 1899 in South Carolina.South Carolina_public domain

 

 

 

 

Mattie was also the sister of Walker Gardner and Bennie Gardner, and the aunt of Baxter Gardner, all of whom I’ve written about in the past few weeks.

Mattie’s mother, Ella, was the sister of my 2nd great-grandfather, D. B. Grant. This makes Mattie my 1st cousin, thrice removed.

Early life

In 1900, Mattie’s father worked as a railroad contractor. The family lived on Lytteton Street in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Mattie’s working siblings worked at a cotton mill.

In 1910, the family lived on King Street in Buffalo, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Father John was a house carpenter now. Ten-year old Mattie attended school. Her brother, Walker, worked as a laborer for a blacksmith.

1915 Ford Model T public domain

1915 Ford Model T, a typical car of the day

When Mattie was 17, she was in a car accident. She was mistakenly reported in The State as having died in the accident. A retraction appeared the following day in the newspaper.

Mattie marries

Farmer with two cows public domain

Farming was hard work in those days

In mid-1918, Mattie married James Joseph (J.J.) LEWIS, a older widowed farmer from Darlington County, South Carolina. J.J. and his first wife, Jennie, had five children together. Jennie died a month after the last one was born, and that child died at ten months of age from severe malnutrition.

In April 1919, Mattie and J.J. had their first child together, Fulton. In 1920, the family lived in Epworth, Darlington County. J.J. was farming, and Mattie was taking care of the home and the children. Ella Mae was born to Mattie and J.J. in April 1921.

Mattie had her hands full being a farmer’s wife and the mother of six children, the oldest one being 15 years old.

Mattie gets sick

In August 1922, Mattie was sent to the tuberculosis camp in Richland County, South Carolina.

Who knows how long she’d been sick before she went. She died there on 21 September 1922. Tuberculosis was the largest killer of young people in South Carolina in the 1920’s. A whopping 29% of young deaths resulted from T.B. according to sctuberculosis.org.

Tuberculosis sanitorium in NY public domain

A TB sanitorium in NY, similar to the ones in SC from what I’ve read

 

 

Mattie was 23 years old when she died. She left behind two little children who would never know her plus her husband who was now twice widowed and the father of six children.

Mattie is buried at Mt. Elon Cemetery in Hartsville, Darlington County, South Carolina, along with her parents and three of her siblings.

The story doesn’t end there, though

Mattie’s widower, J.J., died on 31 March 1923 just 6 months after Mattie. His death certificate says he died of natural causes, but doesn’t say what exactly he died from. From the way it’s worded, I think officials may have suspected suicide which was ruled out. J.J. is buried alongside his first wife, Jennie.

What happened to all those kids, you ask…

I don’t know about J.J. and Jennie’s kids, but I can tell you that Fulton and Ella, Mattie’s children, were taken in by Mattie’s sister, Bessie GARDNER OUTLAW and her husband, James.

Fulton and Ella both grew up, married, and had children. Fulton served during WW2, as did Ella’s husband. Fulton and Ella both passed away after the turn of the new century, leaving behind children, grandchildren and great-grands, too.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved

Walker Gardner: WW1 veteran and young father

Henry Walker GARDNER was born in March 1895 in South Carolina. He was the sixth of seven children born to John GARDNER (1854-1935) and Ella GRANT GARDNER (1864-1918). Walker, as he was called, was also the brother of Bennie Gardner and the uncle of Baxter Gardner, both of whom I’ve written about in the past few weeks.South Carolina_public domain

Walker’s mother, Ella, was the sister of my 2nd great-grandfather, D. B. Grant. This makes Walker my 1st cousin, thrice removed.

Early life

In 1900, Walker’s father worked as a railroad contractor. The family lived on Lytteton Street in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Walker’s working siblings worked at a cotton mill.Blacksmith2_public domain

In 1910, the family lived on King Street in Buffalo, Kershaw County, South Carolina. Father John was a house carpenter now. Fifteen-year old Walker worked as a laborer for a blacksmith. According to the census, Walker could read and write.

 

 

Walker, the soldier

In the trenches_public domain

WW1 soldiers in the trenches

Walker was a private in the National Guard of South Carolina. In 1917, Walker’s regiment was called up for the Great War. His regiment became part of the 118th Infantry which had soldiers from Tennessee, North Carolina, and South Carolina. The 118th was assigned to the 30th Division which was called “Old Hickory” being named after President Andrew Jackson.

The division went to France to fight alongside British forces on the northern end of the Western Front. According to The Old Hickory Association website, “The Division served with distinction during the Great War most notably by breaking through the Hindenberg line and fighting in the battles of Le Selle, Ypres, St. Mihiel, and in the Meuse-Argonne.”

 

Walker starts a family

Walker was discharged on April 1st, 1919, and he returned to South Carolina. I couldn’t find him in the 1920 census, but I do know he married Julia Mae McDONALD (1903-1985) on 12 January 1921.Woodworking Lathe_public domain

 

 

 

 

Their son, John Edwin Gardner, was born nine months later on 11 Oct 1921. The family lived in Bishopville, Lee County, South Carolina. Walker was a carpenter. Walker was 26, and Julia was 18.

 

Walker takes sick

In the spring of 1922, Walker became ill. A lumbar puncture was performed, and he was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis. An effective antibiotic had not been discovered or developed yet, and Walker lived for six weeks before succumbing to the meningitis infection on 2 April 1922. His son, John, was not yet six months old.

Walker is buried at Mt. Elon Cemetery in Hartsville, Darlington County, South Carolina, along with his parents and three of his siblings.

Julia married again in 1925 to Thomas BOYD. Thomas and Julia raised John along with three children Thomas and Julia had together.

Copyright © 2016  Nancy H. Vest   All Rights Reserved